What is Time Dilation?
Time dilation is a phenomenon of nature, which was indeed found, but
there "heart of the
not yet fathomed. This means that the specific cause of the time
dilation is not yet known. In teaching, the time dilation is explained
by a "light clock". A point
of light is oscillating between two mirrors. If the mirrors are moving
to the side, the point of light must run diagonally to the mirrors. The
lengthening of the inclined path compels the clock to run slower. The tick-tockīs of this light-clock as
reflections of the point
light always comes later. The clock would run slower by their lateral
movement. But, time dilation occurs not only in a light-clock, but in
any clock, including a cuckoo-clock. But the cause for the time
dilation is to see most clearly in a light-clock. This school
"declaration" with a light clock is so beautiful and
successful that it will be accepted as the right one. Nevertheless we
search the "heart of the
The teaching light clock is a thought experiment and not real feasible.
But if it could build, a surprise would be the result, because the
point of light
is not following the mirrors. How does the point of light know that the
mirrors moves sideways and it must follow diagonally? It does not know
and does not. Every ray of light moves after leaving its source, even
after reflection, in this direction that is given to it by the source
reflector, no matter how the source of the light or the reflector is
moving. Also a laterally moving reflective surface gives a reflected
light beam no lateral movement. Nevertheless a light clock will
function, if the point of light is injected into the direction
corresponding to the speed of the clock. This demonstrates that a
experiment is a tricky thing, because it is often thought only in the
direction of well-known results. In many cases they are actually
invented just for this.
Speed of light, as well as time dilation, is part of the classical
physics. A light clock is therefore an inertial system. And in an
inertial system determined by todays teaching doctrine no changes may
be possible, especially not when it is moving. So the light clock in
motion did not go differently than without movement. But the fact is:
a light-clock as or in a moving inertial system
running slower without view from or to the outside
A light clock does not run slowly caused by a certain view from the
outside. That would be only a visual
and no real slowdown. What in a light-clock can know that the system,
in which it is, is
moving? This only can be the light.
do not exist in the nature. The mirror of the light-clock can not know.
Remains only the light. And that can only know it if it is not in
relation to the mirrors, but to something else, that does not
with the inertial system. Otherwise the clocks in the satellites of the
GPS (navigation system) could also do not know. But they know.
What is now more obvious than the absolute reference point of Newtonian
physics applies also for the light? The special position of light in
teaching and science is anyway a large abnormality. Since applies
namely to consider:
With exceptions can be
explained everything without
nature should be so structured
everything fits together without exceptions
To create a "round" image of nature without exception, there is only
one possibility: the vacuum must be give again its content, the ether.
It gives the light again to be a normal wave by the physical basic
principle as a vibration of a medium. But ether is still more:
is the absolut fixed or zero point of this
Thus, the experiment of Michelson-Morley must be reviewed. Einstein
of this, that there is no ether. This experiment should detect a
horizontal "wind" of ether at the earth's surface. The result was zero.
Thus there exists no wind of ether on the surface of the earth. But this proves only that
no wind of ether in that direction. In the vertical, may indeed be
something, because especially gravitation works in this direction.
Would be measured in the vertical, is to prophesy that an ether wind
would be measured with the speed of escape of the earth. And this is the velocity of
point of the world. After all, even a fixed point can not only be a
human-intellectual structure that let drop a power- and motionless body
to the ground. A fixed point must be a real detectable thing. In our
universe is it the ether. So
Michelsonīs experiment can be no base for no existence of ether and
that will be confirmed by the experiment of Hafele and Kaeting. They
measured the time dilation in an airplane that orbited the earth with
against there rotation. The results with respect to the starting point
were not explainable. They corresponded especially not to the
predictions by the special relativity, although they is exactly
responsible. Even in a book written two years later, is to read,
must do something with the earth's rotation.
Meanwhile, it is
"explained" by skillful terminology: the aircraft, which is flying with
the rotation of the earth, flies "with respect to the earth" faster
than the other. "With respect to the earth" is so undefined that it
never can be a physical justification. This merely statement conceals
The "heart of the matter",
physics of time dilation in the plane, lies elsewhere: the starting
point of the
plane has a time dilation caused by its circumferential speed of the
earth's surface on its place. In the plane flying with the
Earth's rotation, the time dilation increased, in the aircraft flying
against the Earth's rotation it decreased. This corresponds exactly
with the measured values. These therefore corresponds to the speeds
that have the plane and the starting point relative to the fixed
stars. This fixed point
"heart of the matter"
of the experiment from Hafele and Kaeting. The
special relativity does not know any reference or even fixed point, it
know only two things: an object and its observer. Therefore, it can not
explain the measured values.
The peripheral speed of the Earth's surface is
one that has measured the Michelson-Morley experiment also. But whose
value is so small compared to the expected with a rate of about 30 000
/ s, namely merely about only 400 m / s, that it is unnoticed as
alleged inaccuracy of measurement.
Based on the measurements from Hafele and Kaeting arises now
inevitable: there is an ether. He falls straight to the surface of the
earth without makes with there rotation and forms the zero point of the
world. Now all fits together without exception: the time dilation, the
zero point and even the following gravitation.
Time dilation in the light-clock is formed by the cause, that light and
clock has there speeds against the ether as the fixed point. The
light-clock is moving
absolut to the ether, the light in the clock also. Thereby the time
between the tick tockīs, the impinging of the light-point on the
mirrors, will be longer.
For a deeper understanding following comparisons: A space consists of
water. The point of light in the clock in it is a silvery little fish
that flits in the mirror-clock with its top speed from mirror to
mirror. If the clock moved towards the water so the little fish must
swim with the clock and even against the water and to the left and
right mirror. The result
is that in a same time less often the fish touches the mirrors. Even
the water-fish-clock goes slower during their movement. The comparison
ether with water is historic. For Paul Dirac, the discoverer of the
anti-matter, the ether was a special kind of massless matter, so in
honor to him ether
is called also with “Dirac sea“.
Another comparison shows two skaters. One circles the other with its
constant maximum speed. If the other is moving, so the number of orbits
will be lesser, because overtakings needs always longer time than the
fall back again.
The "heart of the matter"
the light-clock is: light must go with the
clock and additionally to the mirrors at right and left side. This
leads to a limit, where the clock stops. This limit is the speed of
light. The light is coming with the clock, but can not perform
additionally the to and fro. Time dilation therefor is a mechanical
action by Newtonian physics. So it is quite normal and nothing
Now, time dilation is not only a status of watches. They only makes it
visible. Time dilation arises within matter. How?
Matter is alive! Where and how?
Matter consists of atoms. An atom consist of the core and the electron
shell. The electrons orbits the nucleus. Not as particles, but as an
electromagnetic wave. An electromagnetic wave is, however, nothing
other than a light wave, a light beam. The speed of the electron wave
to the atomic nucleus is thus the speed of light. So an atom is a
clock. Each rotation of an electron represent a part of time. And this
atomic clock also runs slower by movement of the atom, so is subject to
the time dilation. The atomic clock corresponds to the previously shown
The "heart of the matter"
is: if the electron motion in the atom
will be slower, and they do so, then they too must travel a longer
path. Where is the longer way? It also moves against the ether as the
fish against the water und simultaneously must it orbiting the core of
the atom. The ether pervades everything, the empty space and the
compact matter, otherwise small particles such as the muon cannot have
time dilation. How in it a time is running, is still unknown.
But why, for example, a rotating carousel goes slower in a moving space
ship? On it is no speed of light involved. A carousel moves with the
surface of the earth due to the rotation of the earth around itself and
therefore laterally to the vertical falling ether. The carousel seat
center point like the one skater the other. Because the seat moves with
carousel and also circular against the ether, the time for a rotation
is longer. The sum of time for overtaking the rotation point and fall
behind it becomes longer.
"heart of the
matter" of the time dilation is
that all movements of
objects refer absolutely to the ether.
It is the
fixed point of the world and omnipresent.
How it is now with the
principle, that in inertial systems the Newtonian physics remains
unchanged? Because by this a time dilation would not be possible. Well,
Newtonian physics applies in inertial systems indeed unchanged. But it
applies in inertial systems only with the so-called local time, which
is slower by the time dilation from the whole inertial system. Is seen
from rest into a moving inertial system, all movements within looks
like slow motion, although in it the exact same Newtonian physics
applies. This otherness in the observed inertial system is called
"relativistic". Relativistic is the view from one time course to
another. Time-lapse movie shows the filmed sequence relativistic. In
the film is the shown illusory, untrue. But if we could look into a
fast spaceship, the processes in it would indeed run as slow as it
looks visually. Would astronauts looks from their spaceship to the
Earth, they would see by their clock, that the earth turned much faster.
Relative is the observation out
of a motion.
Relativistic is the observation out of a different time course.
What is the most important statement of time dilation?
dilation is the explicit measure of the
speeds of objects
Absolut of course means: against
ether, the "the heart of
At the end two animations of the light clock with different directions
of movement. ("ruhende Uhr" means "clock at rest".) The grid lines
represents the ether. The spacing of the lines corresponds to the
measure of the speed of light. The yellow vectors of the motion of the
light spot is
corresponding to the constant speed of the light against the ether.
Clock as light have their motions relative to the ether, this is the "heard of the matter"
of the function of time dilation. The moving light clock in the
running with the halve of the light speed. Time dilation is not created
by a view from a particular differently moving location, but rather
arise within the light clock.
With all what is saying before the time dilation should be clarified.
But, the main question is open:
What is time?
Newton suspected that time is a separate thing that directs the physics from the outside and would
be something what runs on its own. Such a "thing" has never been found,
except in philosophical considerations. But a
philosophical considerations about time in physics leads
to nothing. For
nature events, so in physics, time may be taken from nature events
after Newtonian physics. Namely
from movements: where nothing is changing,
there is no time. Therefore time is bound on substantive. This also
applies to waves, as they are vibrations of something substantive.
Light waves are vibrations of the ether, which is indeed massless, but
not insubstantial. Therefore
space cannot have time, as it pretends the mathematics of general
In Newtonian physics, and in our world is no other, time
is the progress of mechanical movements. Without this movements the
were dead or did not arised. A time scale arise from periodically
repetitive processes such as eg the rotation of the earth around itself
with respect to the sun, or in small dimensions, the rotation of an
electron around its nucleus. The electrons with their revolutions
around the nucleus are the "driving
pinion" of Newtonian physics, and thus determine the run of the time.
Each turn of
an electron represents
a concrete step forward in the movement of all
What is the absolutely necessary thing in physics?
clear and unambiguous and concise definition of that, what time is
Without this, physics never can be an exact science.